An elephant’s trunk is composed of 6 muscle groups which are subdivided into 100,000 individual muscles, and the elephant shows considerable dexterity in using this extensive power network. In India, police officers use elephants to move illegally parked cars. The elephant wraps its trunk round the offending auto and moves it out of the way daun belalai gajah. On another end of the spectrum, elephants have sufficient control over their power to be able grasp and lift a natural egg with the trunk without breaking the shell. An elephants uses the finger like projections at the conclusion of its trunk to scratch itchy skin behind its ears or to wipe dust from its eyes. A mother elephant guides her youngster using her trunk the way in which a shepherd works on the staff to corral sheep, nudging the child gently underneath her body if she spots a predator, or pushing him combined with the remaining herd toward food or water. She also steers her child by grabbing its tail with her trunk and shifting to the right or left.
An elephant’s trunk also serves as a straw or even a hose. An elephant fills its trunk with up to 5 quarts of water and then empties it into its mouth to be able to drink. Elephants also cool off with mud baths, scooping wet soil from the river bottom and flinging it onto their hot skin. When an elephant goes swimming, it uses its trunk as a snorkel.
When elephants need certainly to speak with others in the herd, both trunk and the ears are accustomed to telegraph emotions. Raising the trunk indicates excitement or danger, making trumpeting sounds with the trunk is just a sign of joy (especially when associated with flapping ears), and sniffing an item followed by placing the tip of the trunk in the mouth shows curiosity. Like cats, elephants exhibit the Flehmen response when they detect strange scents using the Jacobsons organ that is found in the roof of its mouth. Scents tell the elephant whose been prowling in its territory. When other elephants view a herd member having an apparent sneer on its face, they know that something interesting has been discovered in the area.
Elephants use their ears as air conditioners. Elephants’ears include a network of blood vessels that expand during summer and allow body heat to escape. Cooled blood returns to the human body, effectively bringing the elephant’s core temperature down. Elephants thrust out their ears when they have to calm down, and often face toward the prevailing winds in order to gain the most cooling effect of the passing breezes.
The multitasking elephant listens using its feet in addition to its ears. When an elephant speaks, it makes a low-pitched rumbling sound that’s nearly inaudible but that sends vibrations through the earth. Other elephants obtain the message through their toes. These seismic messages can travel several miles, offering elephant herds the equivalent of telegraph.
And what allows the elephant to maneuver silently across the Savannah? Elephants have a spongy layer of skin on their feet that resembles the only real of a good couple of sneakers. Like sneakers, this layer also acts as an application of shock absorber, allowing an animal weighing several tons to walk or run without jarring its joints.